Individual Behavior: Individual Differences

Individual behavior varies from one child to another. Children who exhibit low interest in others seem to dispose themselves to anti-social behaviors as they grow, while those that show apathy become socially adjusted (Ruini, 2017). Emotional symptoms such as anxiety, fear, stress, and unhappiness have a psychological cost on their altruistic patterns (Sheriff, 2020).  Human beings make quick judgments drawn from altruism purview (de Francisco et al., 2019).  Humans are experts in justifying their logical emotions and choices backed by rationality.

Being close to somebody who shows dishonest and selfish character propels the individual to be more of the person (Brown, 2020). Pathological altruism sparked interest amongst psychology scholars (Sun, 2018). They sought to understand how neuroscience and genetic makeup constitute altruism (Feldman, 2017). It is also considered an individual behavior pattern in which the motive or aim is to enhance other people’s welfare in the social strata (Brown & Olding 2017).


Human Nature


Selflessness and philanthropy are deeply bred-in-the-bone in modern Western cultures (Lishner & Stocks, 2018). Altruism is a good side of human nature. Altruism may bring the worst of human nature as it may hurt others or the self. The harm may be intentional or unforeseeable. Such long-term repercussions include guilt, post-traumatic stress disorder, and body burnout (Kaufman & Jauk 2020).

For instance, stress disorders amongst psychiatrists may lead to disease misdiagnosis with ultimate damage to the patient’s well-being (Ksiazkiewicz, 2018). People’s emotional grounds can also mislead them on what is truly good for others; thus, altruistic motives must be sieved using rational and logical metrics (Kopczewski & Okhrimenko, 2019).

Pathological altruism operates in different levels of society (Nahra, 2020). The report deals with individual personality traits, emotions, feelings, insights, as well as altruism adventure needs. The study also brings out the sample population’s backgrounds and perspectives to help understand human behavior from psychological, social viewpoints, and psychiatrist evaluation. It emphasizes the value of real philanthropy, individual sacrifice for others’ benefit, and other motivations of prosociality of human existence (Reimers & Oakley, 2017).


Based on gender and age matrix, the research ran multiple regression analysis on Machiavellianism, narcissism, psychopathy, sadistic personality measure, and pathological altruism scores to predict personality traits and their ability to help others. The measurement scale for online participants scale of (1= strongly agree, 2= disagree, 3=neither agree nor disagree, and 5= strongly agree) on the statements they were answering.

Findings and discussion

Machiavellianism score
Out of the 13 male participants, 9 of them had a score of 3, implying that they neither agreed nor disagreed on: telling their secrets; manipulation of others to get their way out of situations; getting people on one’s side no matter what it takes; avoiding conflict with others as they may turn out to be helpful in future; keeping track of information that can be used against people.

Waiting for the right time to get back to people; hiding other people from their undertaking to preserve reputation; developing plans that benefit oneself and not others, and their view on whether most people can be manipulated. Out of the remaining four males, 3 had a score of 2, showing that they disagree with the stated statements. Further, one male scored 4, implying that he agreed to the questionnaire statements.

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