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Photography : Preserving memories through photos

Photography is important for preserving time and memories.  If it wasn’t for photography a lot of major moments in time and history wouldn’t have been preserved for the future. Photography has changed for the better . Important things such as skills were lost during this process over time In todays era, a digital sensor or film  usually used to create an image.

Storage of photographs

Photography has changed over time in the manner it preserves memories in time. That is, from formal family portraits to photos taken everyday on mobile phones. There is also the change from film photography to digital photography. The first change from film cameras to digital, photographs are a key part to remembering things. In addition, it helps people to keep beautiful and thrilling moments to remember. Further, it has changed from being able to have physical copies in photo albums in mobile devices. Today , preservation is all now kept online, for example, in google drive and on mobile devices gallery.

 Photography advancement

There still exists links to historical photographers and reports about photography.  The transformation of photography from an analog medium relying on chemically developed light-sensitive emulsions to one using digital technologies. The one that  captures image and store began in the late 1980s.That is, with the introduction of the first consumer digital cameras . In 1990 the first version of Adobe Photoshop, a program for adjusting and manipulating digital image files. Conceived as an extension of the conventional darkroom, the program adopted many of the traditional tools of black-and-white film photographs but let photographers go even further. By giving photographers the ability to easily change the structure of an image, and even its contents, it called into question long-held assumptions about photographic documentary “truth value.” To some minds, it changed the very nature of the medium. Photography helps all kinds of people .

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Social psychology: Interpersonal attraction

In social psychology, interpersonal attraction is mostly measurable using the Interpersonal Attraction Judgment Scale . The scale in which a subject rates another person on factors such as intelligence, knowledge of current events, morality, adjustment, likability, and desirability as a work partner. Further, this scale seems to be directly related with other measures of social attraction such as social choice, feelings of desire for a date, sexual partner or spouse, voluntary physical proximity, frequency of eye contact, etc.


 Factors that influence interpersonal attraction:  Social psychology

There are many factors that lead to interpersonal attraction. Studies suggest that all factors involve social reinforcement. The most frequently studied include physical attractiveness, frequency of interaction, familiarity, similarity, complementarity, reciprocal liking, and reinforcement. The impact of familiarity, for example,  the way physical proximity and interaction enhances cohesiveness.  This social concept  facilitates communication and positive attitude towards a particular individual on account of similarities or the ability to satisfy important goals. Similarity is more likely to lead to liking and attraction than differences. Numerous studies have focused on the role of physical attractiveness to personal attraction. One finding was that people tend to attribute positive qualities such as intelligence, competence, and warmth to individuals who have a pleasing physical appearance.

Similarity attraction effect


The proverb “birds of a feather flock together” has been of use to illustrate  similarity effect. That is, similarity is a crucial determinant of interpersonal attraction. Studies about attraction indicate that  there is strong attraction to lookalikes in physical and social appearance. This similarity is in the broadest sense: similarity in bone-structure, characteristics, life goals and physical appearance. The more these points match, the happier, satisfying and prosperous people are in these relationships

Physical appearance: Social psychology

The matching hypothesis  suggests that people are more likely to form long standing relationships with those who have equal social attributes. For example, like physical attractiveness. The study by researchers Walster and Walster supported the matching hypothesis by showing that partners who were similar in terms of physical attractiveness expressed the most liking for each other. Another study also found evidence that supported the matching hypothesis: photos of dating and  couples were rated in terms of attractiveness, and a definite tendency was found for couples of similar attractiveness to date or engage.

  • Quality of voice
  • social and cultural aspects


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Addictive Behaviour: Neurobiological Processes

Addictive behaviours share key neurobiological processes. They intensely involve brain pathways of reward and reinforcement, which involve the neurotransmitter dopamine

Choose one other possible “addictive behaviour” (food ‘addiction’) that you may encounter in a professional capacity. Further, this assessment asks you critically to consider the evidence for addiction by comparing your chosen behaviour to what is known in the case of drugs. You should: – I’ve chosen addictive behaviour- food ‘addiction’.

Background of addictive behaviour

For many years “addiction” was a term used to describe an aspect of our relationship with psychoactive chemicals.  However, in more recent times the term “addiction”, in a broader context also describes some people’s relationship with certain behaviours e.g. gambling. This has also been a source of controversy and the cause of much debate. Can a behaviour be truly addictive? In 2013 the DSM-V was published with changes that have indicated a definite shift in perceptions about addiction: the condition previously known as “pathological gambling” is now included in the DSM V as “Gambling Disorder” and appears in the same category as alcohol and drug use disorder. This is, however, the only behaviour to be acknowledged in this way, yet, there are other behaviours that have been suggested to have addictive potential.

Choose one other possible “addictive behaviour” (not gambling) that you may encounter in a professional capacity. Additionally, this assessment asks you critically to consider the evidence for addiction by comparing your chosen behaviour to what is known and accepted in the case of drugs. You should: – I’ve chosen addictive behaviour- food ‘addiction’. Consider the relationship between drug addiction and “addictive behaviours”.

Consider the mechanisms that might underlie the chosen addictive behaviour. Furthermore, you could use Gambling Disorder as an example of those aspects used to determine addictive potential of a behaviour. Presentation: Please use font size 12.


Specific Guidelines


  • Clear definition of terms, eg Abuse, Dependence, Addiction.
  • Show critical assessment of current thinking regarding addictive status of non-drug “addictions”.
  • Additionally, demonstrate an understanding of neurobiological processes thought to mediate addictive/compulsive behaviours
  • Reading/research demonstrating well-informed knowledge of the topic area.
  • Furthermore, demonstrate the ability to compare and contrast evidence from a range of different sources.
  • Justify, on the basis of the evidence presented, your conclusions.
  • Lastly, use up-to-date research, and cite original articles Assessed intended learning outcomes


On successful completion of this assessment, you will be able to:

1. Have the ability to compare and contrast different conceptual approaches to and explanations for addiction as well as addictive/compulsive behaviours.

2. Identify and define the information required on a given topic and use research skills to identify relevant information resources

3. Further, manage and critically evaluate the information found and reference appropriately

4. Communication/written expression – students will deal with complex issues both systematically and creatively, and communicate their conclusions clearly as demonstrated by the production of two essays

5. Problem solving – practised through considering different case studies and the application of a range of interventions that would also be appropriate to cases of addiction

6. Managing own learning – through extending student’s own knowledge base in this area, enabling students to demonstrate the independent learning ability required for continuing professional development

1. To provide students with a rigorous theoretical and evidence-based introduction to the psychology and treatment of addictions.

2. To consider the changing use of the term “addiction” and status of behaviours that may have addictive potential

3. To critically evaluate the range of addictive as well compulsive behaviours

4. Further, compare, contrast and evaluate different theoretical models of addiction

5. To raise aware‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‌‌‍‍‍‌ness of the problems/risks experienced by the ‘addict’ in western society

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NATO: Evolution Post-Cold War Period

NATO(North Atlantic Treaty Organization) was the first peacetime military alliance the United States entered into outside of the Western Hemisphere. NATO was created in 1949 by the United States, Canada, and several Western European nations to provide collective security against the Soviet Union.

NATO Post-Cold War Period

The main purpose is to see how it evolved in the Post-Cold War period and what it adapted.  In the most significant part of the dissertation, we need to address the hypostasis: NATO’s current and future operations are entirely and largely based on the emergence of a large number of threats from outside of the area (talk about Syria, Libya, Afghanistan, cyber threats) these replace the original ethos and become a central component of how NATO has survived and continues to function. It needs to determine the extent to which NATO has shifted its attention to non-traditional threats (traditional threat Russia). Russia replaced Soviet Union, China is rising and its perhaps a more power than Russia as it has far less constraints than Russia.

NATO future is dependent upon the nature and range of threats that exist there. One of them continues to be the traditional threat but in addition to that we have this wide range of varied non-traditional smaller threats around the world- which NATO was not concerned with in the past.  They were not an area of concern. However, out of area now, in the post-cold war and post 9/11era, out of area concerns are central to NATO ethos and this is where the swift is occurred. In this swift we find reason for NATO survival, continuation and strengthen of the organisation.

Chapter 1

Introduction (First part). Why should we be interested. Why should we read it (we need to justify it). What makes important topic and it is important because the international system it is still anarchic.  NATO’s membership expansion is also significant, it incorporates a large number of states, a huge population and there are threats out there, that the liberal democracies in NATO need to be protected against).
Second section. Literature review. What do other say about NATO? Who are the famous writes and what do they say about its role in the post 9/11 era? (6-7 writers, articles should be ok for this) Additionally, there are realist writers who talk about alliance formation like John Mearsheimer’s and then move on to other writers and other ideas)

Third section

Think about the hypnotises, methodology, research question and lay out the terms and objective of the dissertation which is to analyse the shift that has occurred in NATO and what has NATO been concerned with in terms of its central ethos, so what was it concerned with and what is it concerned about now. (dealing with the background, ethos and purpose of NATO) Here maybe argue that NATO has always been a collective defensive organisation and throughout the Cold WAR it was its primary concerned with defending and protecting its members from threats from outside of NATO area including Soviet Union. With the collapse of Soviet Union what is the future of NATO?
Then maybe we can provide a breakdown of each of the areas that will follow and we will look at in Chapter 2-3 and so one in one paragraph- the synopsis)

Chapter 2.

Talk about what NATO did, what was its concerned with, its goal, objectives. Its origins as well as ethos (1500-2000 words by setting the scene). Talk about 1990’s and the debate during the 1990s. I would also bring forward the argument that NATO’s future was under question due to collapse Soviet Union and the disappearance of that threat.  Furthermore, you may also talk about the Partnerships and other treaty and the expansion.

Chapter 3.

Continuation. Deal with the continuation of the traditional threats (Russia, China nuclear weapons. These are the countries with which NATO has a nuclear deterrence. It is able to balance and create that stability that exist between China, Russia and the west NATO). This is a tripolar relation but the essence is the same- great power control for influence. Russia with it is involvement in Syria, Middle East, Ukraine, Crimea it is about influence and resurgence. In the background is the nuclear weapon which offers a balance to that tripolar relation.

Chapter 4.

Talk about transition: the changes. How NATO changed. Talk about Afghanistan, Syria, Libya, cyber threats, terrorism, drugs, human trafficking and other areas that NATO is now concerning with. Can be in two chapters. Like chapter 4. Drugs, terrorism and cybersecurity and Chapter 5 = the human security element -human trafficking and so on.

Chapter 5 or 6 – final conclusion.

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Forensic Psychology ; Ethical and Legal issues

Forensic psychology involves investigations, research studies, assessments, consultation, the design and implementation of treatment programs and expert witness courtroom testimony.
The Project will require the preparation of an offender case study based assessment report, covering the application of psychology to the criminal justice system. The case study based analysis will encourage an integration of theoretical knowledge, empirical knowledge and critical application of learning to the real world.

Forensic psychology Case Study of a legal issue

Dylan is a 14-year old young male. He lives with his mother Mandy (35 years), step-father Tony (42 years) and two younger sisters Chanelle (2 years) and Sienna (12 months). Mandy and Tony began a relationship 4 years ago and Tony moved in to the house 3 years ago. Dylan also has sporadic contact with his biological father Jonny. Mandy states that Jonny will come to the house to take Dylan out ‘once in a blue moon.’ Jonny and Mandy had a short relationship prior to Dylan’s birth. They separated when Dylan was 4 years old. She outlines that Jonny was occasionally violent to her after misusing alcohol. She recalled that Dylan may have witnessed this on a couple of occasions.

Mandy describes Tony and Dylan often ‘clashing’ and frequent ‘shouting and screaming matches’ in the house between them. Sometimes, when Tony has reprimanded him, Dylan has punched walls, kicked doors and smashed things up in the house. (Even in his own bedroom). Mandy states that Dylan gets angry very quickly and is difficult to calm down. On one occasion, he threw the television set across the living room late at night. Mandy had told him to switch his games console off and go to bed. She is now fears reprimanding his behaviour due to fears of him becoming increasingly angry and violent.



Mandy states she often leaves the discipline in the family to Tony, whilst she cares for the needs of her younger daughters. On one occasion, Dylan grabbed a knife during an altercation in which Tony threatened to have Dylan put in to care if his behaviour continued. Although Dylan quickly put the knife down and exited to his bedroom. Mandy and Tony resorted to phoning the police. Tony convinced Mandy that Dylan needed ‘to be taught a lesson’ and to be shown clearly ‘that his behaviour was out of order.’

The police verbally reprimanded Dylan. They also told him that if they were called to the house again over a disturbance, they would arrest him and charge him.  Mandy and Dylan lived on their own for many years. After her separation from his father and they developed a close mother and son relationship. Mandy believes that Dylan saw himself as the ‘man of the house’ at this time. He believes that he now finds it difficult to follow Tony’s house rules because of this. Dylan believes that Tony is ‘too strict’ and ‘likes to lay down the law too much’. He feels that ‘he has no right to, as he’s not my real Dad.’ Tony states that Dylan ‘brings too much trouble to our door’. He also ‘sets a bad example to my girls.’ Their relationship is very not so good and they spend as little time together as possible.


1. Demonstrate a critical understanding of core concepts within forensic psychology theory and research.
2. Additionally, demonstrate a critical understanding of ethical and legal issues in forensic psychology.
3. Understand the working of the criminal justice system.
4. Lastly, critically evaluate the application of forensic psychology to offender assessment and treatment.

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Nursing Management of Chronic Conditions – Case Study

One of the most important roles in nursing management is patient education. We’ve moved firmly into an era where the patient plays a vital role on the healthcare team. For some chronic conditions, a nurse’s knowledge will help patients get beyond basic, common-sense understanding of their conditions.

Nursing Management- Case Study of Mathew Thornton

Mathew is a 33 year old Aboriginal gentleman with a history of obesity, diabetes type 2 and hypertension. He is seeking treatment in an out-patient clinic at Farmdale Community health centre with the local dietitian. The local dietitian suggest that he sees his local GP to get a referral to a specialist endocrinologist for medical weight loss management. He is well aware of the link between obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. He felt this appointment could be his last chance in getting help with his health problems and losing weight.

As a child Mathew had been normal weight; during adolescence he played rugby for his local club and ended up in a prop position on the field (the props “prop up” the hooker in the scrum. They form part of the front row of the scrum and push against the opposition’s props). He gradually put on weight and was overweight in his early twenties. The football culture which he loved was fun and he drank a lot of beer and ate a lot of fast food such as meat pies at the football field after the games.


Mathew developed diabetes type 2 and hypertension in his early thirties (two years ago). He is now medicated with anti-hypertensive and anti-diabetics. His GP (primary care physician) had not really been keen on his weight and instead suggested higher doses of medications or insulin injections on multiple occasions. Mathew was not interested in insulin injections as he was afraid of gaining more weight.

Mathew has now been sedentary for the last 5 years. Additionally, he has also had to give up work as a local farm hand on his sister’s property out of town. He had previously tried many weight loss efforts. However, his diet has been high in fat and calories despite his rich knowledge in nutritious food. However, he has admitted to overeating, and periods of bingeing. He drinks about 3 litres of coke a day and has at least three serves of hot chips per day.
Mathew is to go to a weight management clinic in a metropolitan tertiary hospital 600km form Farmdale .

His initial anthropometric measurements included a weight of 180kg. Height of 1.81m, a body mass index (BMI) of 54.94kg/m2 which classified him as morbidly obese. Body fat % was 52.2% with 85 kg fat mass measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) (Tanita Body Composition Analyzer BC-418) for analysing the composition of the body, such as weight, lean body mass (LBM), total body water (TBW), fat free mass (FFM) and basal metabolic rate (BMR). His HbA1c had in the last 2 months ranged from 11.7% to 8.8% and his BP was 160/95 mm Hg.

Outline what strategies and assessments you as a Registered Nurse would provide as part of your nursing management care for Mathew Thornton. Ensure you include holistic, person-centered and culturally appropriate care. Reflect on how these strategies and assessments would facilitate optimum health outcomes and relate these to the National Strategic Framework for Mathew.

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Workplace Diversity : Human Resource Development

The study about the significance of Workplace diversity is not only beneficial to organizations but also individuals. For organizations and individuals to be successful in the ever-evolving world, there is an urgent need to understand and appreciate diversity, especially at workplaces. Notably, the workplace is becoming more diverse than ever before. This is due to the influence of worldwide economic integration, otherwise referred to as globalization (Inegbedion et al., 2020).

As a result, people are at a higher chance of interacting with individuals from diverse cultures. The condition implies that for a business person or an organization to be successful, they must have sufficient knowledge and skills to operate in a diverse environment. For instance, through the study, one may appreciate practicing cultural competence and tolerating divergent cultural values and practices. Therefore, individuals and organizations must take part in such type of study since it will create a conducive environment for businesses to prosper in the globalized business environment by ensuring that they develop the human resources accordingly.

Workplace Diversity Instructions

1. For the study’s objectives to be met accordingly, it will be crucial to ensure that a timeline has been adhered to. In total, the project should be completed after eight weeks, which is equivalent to one month. The first two weeks will be for collecting the relevant materials and information, such as secondary information sources on the workplace diversity. In particular, if primary sources of information such as interviewing, administration of questionnaires, and surveys will be used.  The first two weeks will be to seek their consent and inform them on what they should do.


Data Collection

The next step will involve collecting data from the collected materials, and this should take exactly one week. After that, data analysis will follow accordingly for one week. Eventually, a report will be drafted and reviewed accordingly for two weeks. It will later be hand over to the relevant individuals or organizations to implement the recommendations as much as possible.

2. The study will be conducted in eight weeks to discover the significance of embracing diversity in human resource development. People should learn to work in a diverse working environment, which can be achieved through human resource development. However, before human resource development, it is crucial to understand the possible impacts of embracing diversity at workplaces. Diversity may act favor or discourage an organization and individual. The recommendations obtained may be useful to organizations and individuals since it will enable them to prepare accordingly. Therefore, it is important to ensure implementation of issues from the study to develop the human resource in readiness to respond to any challenge resulting from workplace diversity.

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International Securities Law : Financial Regulations

International Securities Law concerns the regulation of cross-border capital-raising transactions. It considers issues including the offering of securities to investors outside an issuer’s home country. Additionally, the disclosures required of an issuer whose shares are held by investors outside its home country, the extra-territorial reach of nationally based anti-fraud regimes, tender offers across national lines, the differences in the regulation of insider trading and market manipulation, and broker-dealer activities involving transnational transactions.

In the global economy, complex relationships create a shifting legal landscape for businesses. This is especially among boards, banks, investors, management, and other stakeholders. International Securities Law demands lawyers who are agile advisers, strategists, dealmakers, and problem-solvers.


The long–established ‘legacy’ stock exchanges of many leading jurisdictions have undergone rapid and profound structural changes since the early–1990s. In many cases  radical shifts in control and ownership follow.  The exchange’s direct or delegated regulatory responsibilities, new commercial objectives, and in heightened competition for sources of revenue with private ‘dark pools’ and other trading platforms, as well as with overseas exchanges.


International Securities Law Task


Write a critical appraisal of how these developments affect both users of exchanges and parties. With indirect interests in the exchange’s operations, and consider whether they risk being incompatible with applicable corporate law or governance doctrines, lead to differences in the treatment of users, or produce irregularities in applicable financial regulation?

You do not have to confine your analysis to any single jurisdiction. However, you must provide International Securities Law examples only where legacy exchanges have undergone significant recent commercial, organizational, constitutional, and regulatory changes.

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Childhood Epilepsy: CBD Treatment of Intractable Epilepsy

Following the significantly high prevalence of childhood epilepsy within the present society, effective therapies and treatment are important for improving neurologic conditions among the affected children. The elongated subjection of infants and children to epileptic convulsions significantly affects the healthy growth, life quality and development of life. Multiple therapies are adopted within conventional medical practices for treatment and care for children with epilepsy. However, children affected with intractable epilepsy experience limited positive outcomes from conventional pharmacological and medical treatments.

Background Information on Childhood Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a neurological disorder that affects individuals of all ethnic backgrounds, ages, and races. The central nervous system (CNS) reflects abnormal behavior, sensations, and reduced levels of consciousness. A seizure is characterized by the rapid and uncontrolled electrical disturbance within the central nervous system. This results from an abnormal discharge of cortical neurons leading to sudden changes in movements and general behaviour.

Epileptogenesis emanates from the changes in electrical structure and balance within the neurological transmission systems which attributes to the development of recurrent seizures. The high hypersynchronous electrical discharge of neurons within the CNS affects the balance between neurological excitation and brain inhibition, which results in a significant excitatory overload. The excitatory-inhibitory imbalance within the brain’s neurological structure attributes to the development of seizures, which can recur, often leading to epileptic neurological disorder (Rosenberg et al., 2015).

Epileptic Seizures

During epileptic seizures, affected individuals undergo rapid changes in body sensations, normal behaviour, and general awareness of their environments. The evolving research and interests in the applicability of cannabis within medical research and clinical settings are based on the capacity of cannabinoids to influence the treatment of various disorders. While multiple therapeutic effects on the physical and psychological health domains reflect the medicinal value of marijuana, physicians and medical practitioners have recommended and practised alternative healing perspectives through using marijuana. The normal usage of marijuana remains under legal, ethical, and social controversies where restrictions have been put in place by drug enforcement and drug abuse agencies.

From a broader perspective, childhood epilepsy manifests as either benign epilepsy or drug-resistant epilepsy. Benign epilepsy affects a large percentage of individuals within the general population. On the other hand, drug-resistant epilepsy poses higher health risks as it encompasses chronic forms of convulsions. These may include, idiopathic and genetic epileptic encephalopathies, as well as acquired epileptic syndromes (Friedman and Devinsky, 2015).

The primary aim of the current systematic review was to examine the medical influence of cannabidiol-based intervention on the treatment of intractable childhood epilepsy. Findings indicate the efficacy of cannabidiol in improving the treatment outcomes of children suffering from drug-resistant epilepsy. Multiple research studies and clinical trials report the positive influence of CBD-based treatment. They focus on the reduction of seizure activity and general improvement of life quality among young patients with intractable epilepsy.

Cannabidiol(CBD) Mechanism of Action on Childhood Epilepsy

From a broader perspective, CBD treats childhood epilepsy through active interactions with natural cannabinoid receptors such as the serotonin receptors [5-HT], opioid receptors [ORs], and non-endocannabinoid G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) as well as ions channels and enzymes.
Neuroprotective attributes of CBD emerge from its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Thereby can help in improving neurological health status within medical practice.

The mechanism of action adopted by CBD focuses on the reduction of the convulsions and recurrence of epileptic seizures. The therapeutic properties of CBD rely on the endocannabinoid signaling systems. These further encapsulate the G protein, CB¬1, and CB2 endogenous receptors. They function to manage the metabolism neurological actions (Devinsky et al., 2017).

While most phytocannabinoid actions within the neurological systems are medicated by either CB¬1 and CB2 receptors. CBD reflects a low affinity for CB¬1 and CB2 receptors. Research identifies the cannabinoid receptor-independence of CBD significantly contributes to its anticonvulsant effects (Hill et al., 2012 ).
Through the anticonvulsant capacity of CBD as well as its therapeutic effects. CBD actively inhibits epileptiform activity within the neurological composure, thereby reducing the seizure frequency among individuals with childhood epilepsy. The CBD treatment mechanism emanates from the antagonizing action of CBB on GPR55 at neurological synapses (Devinsky et al., 2017; Kaplan et al., (2017))

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Rolls-Royce Stock Price Downfall due to Corona Virus

Rolls-Royce is a British automobile company that was established in 1884 by Henry Royce (Rolls-Royce, 2021). The company deals with a variety of products and services, including civil aerospace, defence and power system, nuclear and digital academy. According to Reuters (2020), Rolls-Royce has been affected by the coronavirus pandemic and is expecting to raise about $6.5 billion to rebuild its balance sheet, out of which about $3 billion is expected to be collected from shareholders. The company has been closing some of its syndicates due to the imposition of travel bans by different countries across the world (Rolls-Royce, 2021).

Research Purpose:

Impact of the coronavirus pandemic on the downfall of Rolls-Royce stock price.



The study will investigate the downfall of Rolls-Royce stock price due to coronavirus pandemic. The study will particularly examine whether there is a statistically significant relationship between coronavirus and the downfall of the stock price. To achieve this, the study will compare the market price of Rolls-Royce during the pandemic and previous performances. The research will also identify appropriate theories that can explain the effect of coronavirus pandemic on the stock market. Further, the study will investigate appropriate techniques that can measure changes in stock price and the rationale for their use.

Research Question

Is there a statistically significant relationship between coronavirus and the downfall of Rolls-Royce stock price?


Null hypothesis (H0): There is a statistically significant relationship between coronavirus and the downfall of Rolls-Royce stock price.
Alternative hypothesis (H1): There is no statistically significant relationship between coronavirus and the downfall of Rolls-Royce stock price.

Significance of the Study

The study will be a valuable addition to the body of literature on the research topic. The research will also be useful in identifying appropriate models to measure the impact of coronavirus on the firm. Further, conducting the study will enable Rolls-Royce company to convince its shareholders to provide financial support to revive the business and justify any financial strategies taken by the board.

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